Blood donation is a noble life-saving act that has no equal. It is an honour to be able to donate blood as you play a part in saving someone’s life or improving their health condition. Donating blood is a great way to help a fellow human being. But there may be reasons wherein you will be denied of an opportunity to donate blood.
Read about blood donors and check if you or someone you know are legally and medically qualified to donate blood.
Who is a donor?
According to Central Drugs Standard Control Organization (India), a donor means a person who voluntarily donates blood after he has been declared fit after a medical examination, for donating blood, on fulfilling the criteria given hereinafter, without accepting in return any consideration in cash or kind from any source, but does not include a professional or a paid donor.
General Qualification of a Blood Donor
No person shall donate blood and no blood bank shall draw blood from a person, more than once in three months. The donor shall be in good health, mentally alert and physically fit and shall not be inmates of jail, persons having multiple sex partners and drug-addicts.
The donors shall fulfill the following requirements, namely:
a. the donor shall be in the age group of 18 to 60 years.
b. the donor shall not be less than 45 kilograms;
c. temperature and Pulse of the donor shall be normal;
d. the systolic and diastolic blood pressures are within normal limits without medication;
e. haemoglobin which shall not be less than 12.5 grams;
f. the donor shall be free from acute respiratory diseases;
g. the donor shall be free from any skin diseases at the site of phlebotomy ;
h. the donor shall be free from any disease transmissible by blood transfusion, insofar as can be determined by history and examination indicated above;
i. the arms and forearms of the donor shall be free from skin punctures or scars indicative of professional blood donors or addiction of self injected narcotics
j. Additional Qualifications of a Blood Donor
No person shall donate blood, and no blood bank shall draw blood from a donor, in the conditions mentioned below:
Deferment of Blood Donation – When can/should you delay
a. Abortions – 6 months
b. History of Blood transfusion – 6 months
c. Surgery – 12 months
d. Typhoid – 12 months after recovery
e. History of Malaria and duly treated – 3 months (endemic) and 3 years (non endemic area)
f. Tattoo – 6 months
g. Breast feeding – 12 months after delivery
h. Immunization (Cholera, Typhoid, Diphtheria, Tetanus, Plague, Gammaglobulin) – 15 days
i. Rabies vaccination – 1 year after vaccination
j. History of Hepatitis in family or close contact – 12 months
k. Immunoglobulin – 12 months.
No person shall donate blood and no brood bank shall draw blood from a person, suffering from any of the diseases mentioned below, namely:
• Heart disease
• Abnormal bleeding tendencies
• Unexplained weight loss
• Diabetes-controlled on Insulin
• Hepatitis infection
• Chronic nephritis
• Signs and symptoms, suggestive of AIDS
• Liver disease
• Polycythemia Vera
• Endocrine disorders