Every time that I heard of adult diapers, I would think to myself that maybe only really old people who’ve lost control of bodily functions need it. But turns out that involuntary urination or what is referred to as “Incontinence” is really common among both, children and adults of all age groups. We’ve heard cases of bed wetting in children, but apparently lack of control over bladder due to many reasons has never been a rare phenomena in humans.
Incontinence has four main types, each of which has different sub-types within it:
- Stress incontinence: This is when the closure of the urinary bladder is poor and urination becomes involuntary. The degrees vary.
- Urge incontinence: When the urinary bladder is so overreactive to the urge of urinating that it becomes involuntary.
- Functional incontinence: When it is due to health problems or the person is on certain kinds of medication.
- Overflow incontinence: When the contraction or blockage of the bladder is very poor.
- Nocturnal enuresis: Loss of bladder control at night, a significant number of children suffer from this and we call it bed wetting.
The common causes of incontinence include:
- Childbirth: In case of women who’ve given birth in the conventional way, a substantial number of them end up having damage to their pelvic support structure and there is a loss of support to the urethra.
- Prostate enlargement: Men above the age of 40 are more prone to this risk. In a few cases, even prostate cancer has been associated with urinary incontinence.
- Certain types of drugs and radiation used to treat cancers can cause urinary incontinence.
- Spinal cord injury, heart stroke and Parkinson’s Disease can greatly adversely affect the urinary bladder’s nerve function and cause urinary incontinence.
There are a countless other reasons for it and it depends on case to case, the common exercises involved to treat the symptoms are pelvic muscle floor training and bladder training. There are several Yoga poses too and it’s best to take help from a reputed Yoga trainer for the exercise part of it.
Where medication is concerned, while family physicians are the go to doctors for just about everything, a Urologist is your best bet for issues related to the urinary tract.