It’s my strongest belief that pregnancy should be a choice, whether a woman wants to get pregnant or not should entirely be her decision, whether she is ready for motherhood or not should not be dictated by anything and anyone other than her own inner voice and feelings regarding it because it’s the biggest sacrifice a woman makes and a lifelong commitment. There’s a reason that religions across the world never propagated contraception and abortions, that was the only way religions could survive, by increase in population. However today things have changed and women undergo abortions more freely as compared to the past, at least in India they can. That being said, abortions are rather sad not because of morals but because of the agony the couples, especially the women go through. Starting from running around to gynaecologists to getting tests done to finally undergoing the procedure either by physical force or by the pills, it takes a toll on the women mentally, physically and even economically depending on the services bought.
There are various methods of contraceptives that you can discuss with your gynaecologist irrespective of whether or not you’re married because ultimately it is your choice. Don’t be shy to consult your doctor in case you aren’t married, it is your right to know what suits you best because one wrong and boom, you’ll have a baby growing in you! Let’s have a look at the top five methods of contraception for your fair knowledge so that you can discuss the same in further detail with your doctor. The methods help you enjoy scare free sex to a great extent while some of them also reduce your chances of contracting sexually transmitted diseases/infections.
- Contraceptive pills: These were invented in 1960s and have been the most used method of female contraception ever since. They are available on prescription of your doctor and are needed to be consumed as per prescription only. There are two types in these, one with estrogen and progestin and the other with progestin alone. The latter needs to be consumed at the exact same time each day with a maximum best avoided delay of three hours. The pills do not protect against sexually transmitted diseases.
- Male condoms: Another extremely popular method of contraception is the male condom that we often see being advertised on televisions. They’re easily available without prescription with almost every pharmacy and supermarket. It’s important to remember that using two condoms for extra protection only increases the risk of them tearing by friction. They reduce the risk of pregnancy along with sexually transmitted diseases.
- Female condoms: Much like the male condoms, female condoms are almost the same to look at. They can be inserted inside the body about eight hours before sex and have the same effectiveness as the male condoms. They are a lot more expensive than male condoms though but offer better protection against tearing.
- The sex diaphragm: As the name suggests, it is a small diaphragm placed inside the vagina and available only by prescription. It needs to coated with spermicide before each use and has to be inserted six hours before sex and needs to be removed within twenty-four hours of insertion for cleansing. What ever happened to spontaneous sex? Also, it still fails to protect against sexually transmitted diseases.
- The intrauterine device: IUDs are a relatively long term solution available in either hormonal or copper based devises. They can last for five to ten years and are inserted inside the vagina by the doctor. While they prevent pregnancy, they do not offer protection against sexually transmitted diseases.
Those being the top five methods, the others include the cervical cap, the contraceptive implant, the contraceptive sponge, spermicide, contraceptive injections, vaginal ring, contraceptive patch, emergency contraception and sterilization. You need to discuss your medical history and preferences with your doctor and utilize your best choice.